In 2012, the Philippines and the United States conducted joint military exercises. [30] Starting in 2012, a U.S. military contingent of 600 U.S. troops, including Navy Seals and Seabees, are «infinitely» stationed in the southern Philippines, in a declared non-combatant role to support Philippine forces in operations against the terrorist group al-Qaeda abu Sayyaf, mainly on Basilan Island, west of Mindanao and in the Sulu Islands, especially Jolo , a long-time landmark of Abu Sayyaf. [31] «CONSIDERING that such action by the United States Congress, presented by the Commonwealth Government of the Philippines, then based in Washington, marks a new era in relations between the Philippines and the Philippines, while combining more and more closely than ever the friendly and reciprocal interests between the two countries and not only the permanence of Philippine independence and the security of the United States. , but also the tranquility and tranquility in the Pacific . . . Determined that the Philippine Congress respects the policy and intent of Joint Resolution 93 (the United States Congress), which it considers a recognition of the people of the United States for the heroic role of the Filipino people in this war, and that it recognizes in this action of Congress the noble goal of the American nation to make lasting blessing of peace in the Philippines. freedom and democracy .

. . . and finally, decided that the President of the Philippines would be allowed to negotiate with the President of the United States the creation of these bases in order to preserve the territorial integrity of the Philippines, preserve the territorial integrity of the Philippines and preserve the territorial integrity of the Philippines. , mutual protection of the Philippines and the United States and peacekeeping in the Pacific. In April 2014, U.S. President Barack Obama and Philippine President Benigno Aquino III signed a 10-year EDCA — Enhanced Defence Co-operation Agreement [36] that allowed the United States to increase its military presence in the Philippines. [37] [38] [39] [40] On 16 September 1991, the Philippine Senate refused to extend the basic agreement by a narrow majority[12] and, despite further efforts to save the situation, the two sides failed to reach an agreement.

On December 6, 1991, the Philippine government informed the United States that it had one year to complete the withdrawal. This withdrawal went smoothly and ended prematurely, with the last U.S. forces withdrawn on November 24, 1992. Initially, the U.S. government sold more than $1.3 billion in assets to the Philippines, including an airport and a ship repair plant. Agencies created by the Philippine government have rebuilt the former military bases for civilian commercial purposes, with Subic Bay serving as the flagship of these efforts. The Philippine government announced on July 16, 2015 that it would relaunch a U.S.-built deepwater naval base at Subic Bay[17] The vote resulted in 11 senators supporting an extension of the contract and 12 senators in favor of cracking down on the agreement.