We find that libraries and consortia that negotiate transformative agreements also have open access publishing agreements with many open access publishers. For example, the Max Planck Digital Library has agreements with Copernicus, Frontiers, eLife, PLOS, MDPI, IOPP and many other OA publishers. Jisc has publishing agreements with publishers Open Access Frontiers, IOPP, Ubiquity Press, Open Library of Humanities and SCOAP3, while the University of California has publishing agreements with PLOS and JMIR. Marc Schiltz, President of Science Europe, acknowledges the work of the Open Access 2020 Initiative and research organizations that are taking active steps to turn their subscription spending into funds that support publication into open access and, in particular, recognizes transformative agreements (publishing and reading, compensating, etc.) as a valuable and complementary strategy in the preamble to Plan S: How are they transformative for scientific communication? Why should institutions translate transformation agreements into their open access strategies? To learn more by recognizing that there are several open access routes, none of the strategies implemented to date have succeeded in undermining the dominance of the Paywall system in the scientific publishing market; Today, more than 15 years after the Berlin Declaration, more than 80% of the world`s scientific results are still trapped behind the walls of wages, hampering the full effect of research and weighing heavily on institutional budgets. At the same time, revenues from subscription publishers to hybrid publishers are increasing year on year. Transformative agreements provide a framework for institutes to take immediate action and directly address the subscription (and hybrid edition) payment system. Given that the vast majority of publications and scientific editions of a given institution tend to be concentrated in journals/packages of a relatively small number of publishers, implementing transformative agreements with these publishers is notably a high-impact strategy: many institutions and consortia believe that negotiating such agreements with fewer than 10 publishers allows them to obtain immediate open access to the vast majority of their results. At the same time, transformation agreements can play an equally important role in converting corporate portfolios and small and medium publishing houses, and they have a multitude of models (not just APC-based) that reflect the diverse and fluid landscape of scientific communication. Colleen explains why library consortia have begun to negotiate transformative agreements with commercial publishers, explains the different types of transformation agreements (. B, for example, publication and reading and clearing agreements) and talks about the information consortia to consider when they wish to start negotiations with publishers. Colleen also provides an update on countries that have negotiated transformative agreements. In addition to the immediate scientific and societal benefits that flow from the availability of the latest peer-review research for reading and construction by scientists and citizens around the world, transformation agreements create the necessary for systemic change in scientific communication. While revenues can still be paid to dominant publishers during this transitional period, by expressing fees transparently at the article or service level, a number of advances are made.

While subscription prices are largely protected from market forces of competition, which are hidden by confidentiality clauses and increase relative to historical printing expenses, transformative agreements lead to cost transparency and focus on service levels rather than access. In this way, the field of scientific publication is open to cost comparison and competition in the market – economic forces that drive innovation forward.