On March 24, 2010, the governments of Quebec and Canada and the Inuit renewed a tripartite housing agreement in Nunavik. This new 5-year agreement will allow the construction of some 340 social housing units in Nunavik. As outlined in this agreement, the Government of Canada will finance the construction of housing units, while the Quebec government will assume the operating deficit over a 15-year period. Makivik Corporation will be the main contractor for building construction and the Kativik Municipal Housing Bureau will be owner and manager. In 2008-09, INAC contributed a total of $13,802,900 to Makivik Corporation and $14,221,000 in 2009-10. The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement is an Aboriginal settlement that was approved in 1975 by the Cree and Inuit in northern Quebec and slightly amended in 1978 by the agreement in northeastern Quében. The agreement covers economic development and property issues in northern Quebec, as well as the establishment of a series of cultural, social and governmental institutions for Aboriginal peoples who are members of treaty communities. Dispute resolution mechanisms are included in the two implementation agreements with Naskapi and the Inuit (NEQA and JBNQA) and in the New Relationship Agreement with cree. Parties may use dispute resolution mechanisms to resolve or as stated issues relating to the interpretation, management or implementation of the JBNQA and NEQA. These mechanisms are usually initiated by a two- or three-part consultation phase. If a satisfactory solution is not found for all parties to the dispute, a mediation procedure and a possible arbitration procedure will follow in the initial phase.

However, more than thirty modifier agreements, ancillary agreements and relevant laws illustrate the complex and dynamic nature of the Agreement. In 1984, the Canadian Parliament kept its promise of Aboriginal autonomy and adopted the Cree-Naskapi (Quebec), the first of its kind in the country (see Indigenous Self-Government in Canada). Naskapi joined the JBNQA in 1978 by signing the Northeast Accord of Quebec. The James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (JBNQA) is a legal agreement signed on November 11, 1975 by the Government of Quebec, the Government of Canada, Hydro-Québec and two of its subsidiaries, the Grand Council of the Crees of Quebec and the Northern Quebec Inuit Association.