A definite prognosis is that international trade agreements will continue to be controversial. The European Commission wants to improve access to the European food and drink market in third countries. The Trans-Pacific Partnership would have been larger than NAFTA. Negotiations ended on 4 October 2015. After becoming president, Donald Trump withdrew from the agreement. He promised to replace them with bilateral agreements. The TPP was located between the United States and eleven other countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. It would have abolished tariffs and standardised trade practices. Within this multilateral framework, the Commission intends to improve export competition and market access, particularly for food and drink in the EU. At the same time, agri-environmental concerns have been integrated into an increasingly international debate about the broadness of agricultural sustainability and the role of farmers in implementing this issue. Restructuring and offshoring of production, likely under an increasingly globalised agri-food system, could prove detrimental to habitats and landscapes, as in previous phases of agricultural transformation, and debate continues on the extent to which agri-environment can be challenged with the reduction of state aid and the introduction of a market rule in agriculture. The convening of a new round of trade negotiations in 2000, under the auspices of the WTO trade round in Doha, paved the way for much more substantial liberalization of agricultural markets than it has been so far and has given rise to an international debate on the trade effects of distortions of green payment systems that act by preserving rural farmers. In the Uruguay Round (1986-1993), agriculture was integrated for the first time in international multilateral trade negotiations.

The resulting agricultural agreement committed the signatories to a long-term programme for agricultural trade liberalization, which would result in reform of national subsidies, improved market access and the abolition of export subsidies. The Doha Round follow-up negotiations are not yet complete at the time of the letter, but it seems unlikely that the neoliberal agricultural project has yet begun. The EU has concluded or negotiated such bilateral trade agreements: one difficulty with the WTO system has been the maintenance and expansion of the liberal global trading system in recent years. Multilateral negotiations on trade liberalization are progressing very slowly and the need for consensus among the many WTO members limits the scope of trade reform agreements.